There are more than 70 different types of lymphoma which is a cancer that starts in the cells of the immune system, but they are organized generally into two groups: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Hodgkin’s Lymphoma – is also known as Hodgkin disease, usually starts in the cells of the bone marrow, and is one of the most curable forms of cancer especially if it is diagnosed and treated early.
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma – is the most common form of lymphoma and tends to develop in older adults. It starts in the lymph (or lymphatic) system, which is part of your body’s immune system. This system includes your lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, thymus, adenoids and tonsils, and digestive tract.
Many of the symptoms of lymphoma are similar to other illnesses, and often people will think they just have a cold or flu. If these symptoms persist, however, you should consult your doctor:
⦁ Painless swelling of lymph nodes in your neck, armpits or groin
⦁ Persistent fatigue
⦁ Night sweats
⦁ Shortness of breath
⦁ Unexplained weight loss
⦁ Itchy skin
Cancers like lymphoma can involve a variety of treatment options, often used together. For Hodgkin’s lymphoma, typically chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy are used, and in some cases, bone marrow or stem cell transplants will be done.
For non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, patients may also receive biologic therapy and CAR T-cell therapy in addition to the therapies used for Hodgkin lymphoma.